TRAIN THE GAP. EUROPEAN LAERNING PATHWAY ON RURAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP is an ERASMUS+ (KA2 Strategic Partnership for adult education) supported project led by Asociación de Familias y Mujeres del Medio Rural (AFAMMER) of Spain.
TRAIN THE GAP aims to define an European learning pathway on rural women entrepreneurship that improves entrepreneurial competences and skills empowering women of rural areas. In order to obtain this main objective the project sets the following operational objectives:
- To define a European learning pathway on rural women entrepreneurship according to EFQ.
- To develop a course for women to promote basic and transversal skills to be entrepreneur.
- To define a training methodology that improves the learning process.
- To develop facilitators teaching skills to motivate women’s participation.
- To involve trainees and trainers in learning process.
- To provide an environment that promotes the knowledge management, exchange and creation on social entrepreneurship.
TRAIN THE GAP partnership is formed by five different institutions coming from four European countries (Spain, Ireland, Lithuania and Sweden) and each of them representing different actors in the project: women association, training providers, university and innovative social research: AFAMMER (ES), DRAMBLYS (ES), MEAG (IE), FOLKUNIVERSITETET (SE) and VDU (LT).
TRAIN THE GAP project duration is of 24 months, starting in October 2015 and ending in September 2017.
EUROPEAN LEARNING PATHWAY ON RURAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP –
This Intellectual Output aims to define a European learning pathway on rural women entrepreneurship. This European training pathway aims to summarize all the qualifications and competences, and it will provide with information and orientation about how to TRAIN THE GAP training/learning activities of European countries and how adults could obtain these skills through modular training activities or through existing and available training.
- The implementation of this IO will be carried out in 3 phases.
- Training needs analysis.
- Design of curricula.
- Elaboration of final outcome.
TRAIN THE GAP COURSE –
This Intellectual output aims to develop TRAIN THE GAP course. The course will be based on the curricula, and it will be intended to develop some of the competences included in the curricula.
TRAIN THE GAP course will be based on blended training concept – Face to face training activities + on-line platform to support the training.
Activities to be carried out will be implemented in 3 phases:
- Design of the course + platform
- Testing with final users
- Improvements and final version of the course
TRAIN THE GAP handbook is aimed to support the use TRAIN THE GAP COURSE and ON-LINE PLATFORM. The handbook also will introduce how the learning process occurs the course and how the trainers could take advantage of training tool. Besides the users’ guide, both learners and trainers will be able to find some recommendations about how to learn and how to train using the platform.
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GENDER GAP can be defined “as the differences between women and men, especially as reflected in social, political, intellectual, cultural, or economic attainments or attitudes” (dictionary.com) or as “the discrepancy in opportunities, status, attitudes, etc., between men and women” (Oxford dictionary). Despite a general trend towards more equality in society and the labour market, progress remains slow and significant gender gaps persist. Economic independence is a prerequisite for enabling both women and men to exercise control over their lives. Gender mainstreaming can make make a real difference in closing gender gaps by integrating the gender perspective into all policy areas, and by identifying, addressing and monitoring impacts on inequalities. However, after several strategic attempts to overcome the gender gap the different between men and women persist. Global Gender Gap Report (WEF, 2014) analyzed gender gap in 142 countries through the assessment of 4 variables related to the women participation and visibility in the society; 1) Economic participation and opportunity; 2) Educational Attainment; 3) Health and Survival; and 4) Political Empowerment. According to the results, disparity between European countries is too great. Five European countries (Iceland, Norway, Finland, Sweden and Denmark) lead the ranking. On the contrary,other five European countries are in bottom of the ranking (Slovakia, Greece, Hungary, Cyprus and Czech Republic). But, if we analyze more in detail each variable, gender gap in Economic participation and opportunity in some European countries is higher than in others, meaning that those countries theoretically don’t spend enough resources to promote the gender equality.
HHaving said that, European countries have achieved gender parity in education attainment, but women remain severely under-represented in key, growth-enhancing fields of education such as science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Labour markets also exhibit many “gender gaps”. Women are less likely to work for pay, and are more likely to have lower hourly earnings, or do more unpaid housework than men. The proportion of female entrepreneurs, at 33% (Labour Survey 2013) (30% in start-ups), is some way short of optimum and most women still do not consider entrepreneurship as a relevant career option. The implementation of European Directive on self-employed women should remove a major barrier to female entrepreneurship, but the differences still remain. Furthermore, the European Economic and Social Committee published ‘Strategy for equality between women and men 2010-2015’, proposes “Support the promotion of gender equality in the implementation of all aspects and flagship initiatives of the Europe 2020 strategy; and promote female entrepreneurship and self-employment.”
Fostering entrepreneurship is a key policy goal for governments of all countries which share the expectation that high rates of entrepreneurial activity will bring sustained job creation and boost the development of new products, processes, and organisational innovation. The report “ENHANCING WOMEN’S ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT THROUGH ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP” (OECD 2014) highlighted the importance of training women on entrepreneurship, to empower them and help overcome the unbalance of gender gap in Europe.